The propagation of plants is the practice of creating new plants from the old, using a variety of techniques such as sowing, organ transplantation, cutting, dividing, marcotting, sowing, and editing. Some gardeners may wonder why there are such a wide range of propagation techniques. There’s always a reason.
It sounds ideal to be able to enjoy fruits or berry, and if we find any seeds to grow and build our own new plant, we can harvest the exact same varieties of delicious treats. Works well with tomatoes as any seed saver program will confirm that!
Unfortunately, nature is more complicated than that. Many productive plants are not actually against seeds, which means that seeds from such a variety of fruits will grow into trees, which will not produce the same fruits as the mother tree, but what may look or taste completely different.
Why plants need to produce genetic changes and diversity in their offspring to ensure the survival of future generations. With the exception of some plants and trees, it grows ‘real seeds’, produces fruits or berries, as well as mother crops, and therefore can be grown from seeds, which we have mentioned in the previous article. – The difference between seedlings, planting and cutting planted fruit trees
At this point, you may be wondering if it works with grapes, so here is a clear explanation!
Growing grapes from seeds?
Grapes come in seed varieties and seed seeds, so it stands to reason that no seedless grapes need to be spread by means other than seeds, and the industry standard method of propagation is to use cutting hardwood in late winter.
Seed grapes have viable seeds and are grown in autumn, they produce grapevines in the spring. They must be planted early because they need a cold stratification exposed to cold temperatures, which will cause the seeds to break out from dormant.
Well, to put it bluntly, there are a lot of wrong cuts and misplaced across the internet, especially on the topic of grapes growing from seeds! Let’s take a look at some examples that may be the worst offenders in this respect, which have been doing the rounds in the world. Permaculture for decades – feed the ubiquitous fox grapes!
The Myth of Grape Varieties
The permaculture community quite likes concord grapes almost as much as they do with swales and herbal spirals, and there is plenty of discussion centered around growing this grape variety from seeds.
What’s special about this grape you might ask? Concord grapes are native American grape varieties, it is vitis labrusca ‘Concord’ which is a different strain to European vinifera Vitis grapes. By the end of the 19th century (like the 1800s), it was the most grown grape in the United States. These purple grapes have a thick skin with large seeds. The pulp, which is sweet with a strong grape flavor, easily separates from the skin, but clings to the seeds.
So let’s look at the history of Concord grapes to get the facts straight!
Concord grapes, Vitis labrusca ‘Concord’ is a breeding breed of native varieties of U.S. hybrid Vitis labrusca grapes (cross) with European Vitis vinifera grapes, being genetically one-third of the latter by the ruler.
To quote the University of Arkansas, the Division of Agriculture, Research and Extension articles of the week: Grapes, Concord:
“But by chance, a lucky occurrence, a resident of Concord, Massachusetts named Ephriam W. Bull (1805-1895), raised a grape seedling in his garden that tolerated the vagaries of the American climate. Cows grow a few native fox grapes, Vitis labrusca, After raising seedlings from two generations of these plants, he chose a pattern with a large fruit he named ‘Concord.’
This clearly indicates that the Concord grape variety was developed from wild fox grape sprouts, which were then crossed with other wild fox grapevines to produce this cultivated varieties. It’s actually the same as all the new grape varieties are always produced.
What does this tell us? Good to cross the seedlings, they need to be different. So wild, fox-grown grape seeds have different properties and properties from plant to plant, it’s what we call genetic changes in biology.
What happens if we take seeds from Concord grapes and grow crops? We want to create a breed, a breed, a new breed, a breed of fox breed, which is not concord grapes! Think about it, if it is possible to sow fox grape seeds and create the same fox grape tasting, it would have been impossible for Ephriam W. Bull to create a new variety in the first place, they grapes are not changed and the seedlings are different and really not that they’re different, as he apparently has estimated more than 22,000 seedlings to find the variety, which will name concord grapes, if it doesn’t matter, he obviously won’t go to that much trouble!
Throwing some more facts in a circle from another credible source, this time from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vitis labrusca ‘Concord’. This article:
“‘Concord’ is not actually from the seeds however and spreads asexually (cutting and grafting).
Looking up several university agricultural extension services, I can find grapes that are spread by various means, except by seeds, for example, from agricultural extension services, university of Tennessee grape growing articles in Tennessee (PB 1475):
“Most grapes, except V.vinifera varieties, are grown on their own roots. Therefore, these grapes are implanted onto resistant roots. American varieties and French-American hybrid varieties may be spread by cutting. Class is the surest way to propagate all grape varieties. It has never been used except for varieties that do not root easily from cutting, such as with muscadines and Cynthiana”
Note the reference to V.vinifera graft (Europe) varieties for the protection of phylloxera roots is used only with certain places and types of soil around the world, such as Tennessee in the United States. European grapes grow well just on their own roots in Australia for example, and this is how they are growing commercially and in growing grapes.
This will hopefully settle the matter and clear up a lot of misinformation on the subject.
To summarize the technique, we can plant grapevines from seeds, but they do not have the same variety as the mother vines. It’s a genetic gamble on what they turn out to be unless we have plenty of waste space and are happy to wait at least two or three years to find out what grapes taste like, kind of pointless, as grapes may not be very tasty or may not be edible.
So, if you are trying to breed new variety grapes, do not grow grapes from seeds, grow them from cutting hardwood or grafting them if they can’t grow on their own roots in your place.
Considering grapes are fruity for decades and are very cheap to buy, perhaps it is an easy way to simply buy a growing vine of known variety from the garden nursery! They will pay for themselves several times in their lives.
Want to publish your own vine? It’s very simple.
How to grow grapes from cutting
Grapes can spread from cuts taken in late winter, this prevents dry cuts out during dry winters.
Use year-old growth materials for cutting, which was due at the end of the planting season. The wood at the end of the cane should be well matured and hardened out without green tips. Cutting should be at least 3-4 eyes, but not more than 6-7, a good length is about 30 cm (12″).
To identify the top and bottom of the cut, the top cut is quite flat, and the bottom end (the root side of the plant) at a sharp angle, as the cut will not root if planted upside down! It also makes it easier to push them into the spread media.
Dipping the bottom end of the cut into hormones – this is optional and unnecessary.
Fill the pot deep with the right medium, such as mixed propagation. Potting (or digging narrow grooves in the ground and loosening the soil if spreading in the ground) Tip: Coconut coir also really works as the media spreads.
Use each cut and push it into the spread media so that only the top two eyes are unburied.
Keep the middle spread/pot mixing hardly damp and find a pot of cutting in a sheltered place, preventing which should be given the morning sunlight and the midday sun dappled to prevent the cut from drying out when the first leaves emerge in the spring.
You can also cut very short with only one eye called vine buds. Cut 6mm (1/4″) above the eye, then make another cut of 5 cm (2″) below it to complete the cut.
Note: Cutting vine eyes with one eye, they only do not use the roots as easily as a large 3-4 eye cut.
When breeding grapes, it is more effective and productive to put many vines into large wide containers, rather than potting up perplexing cuts.
Once they cut out their new leaves and begin to develop a good root system, they can be planted into their own pots and left to grow there. Don’t be patient and try to repot the cut too quickly, as too many root disturbances can cause the cuts to fail. It is recommended to let the cuts grow in pots for a year to develop really strong roots before planting them out in late winter.