Coccoloba uvifera can grow 25 to 50 feet tall when planted in an area away from a lot of salt and faint contact. They are hardy in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s 10th and 11th fields and have a high tolerance of salty conditions and droughts. Their 8-inch diameter, rounded leaves give a tropical look at the landscape. In spring, they produce small white flowers, followed by a bunch of berries on a female tree that is ripened into blue, purple or red. Proper care of this tree or large shrub will help it achieve its potential in the landscape.
1. Water planted new seagrass trees for a year after planting, pour 2 gallons of water over the root zone in the morning, so that moisture can be applied to the tree throughout the heat of the day. Water the tree every morning for two weeks if the trunk is less than 2 inches wide. Reduce the frequency to every day for another two months and then once a week for the rest of the year. Oil every morning for a month, if the stems are 2-4 inches wide, then every day for three months and once a week for the rest of the year. The oil daily lasts for six weeks, if the trunk is wider than 4 inches, then every day for five months and weekly for the rest of the year. Water is less often if the soil drains slowly and becomes muddy.
2. Treat weeds and grass free space in a circle that extends 4 feet out around the tree to prevent competition for moisture and bark mechanical injuries. Place 2-3 inches deep of organic grass over weed- and grass-free areas. Do not place a mulch on top of the root ball, since it can encourage the tree to grow the roots of the skin that can gird the trunk. Add fresh mulch later in the year, as needed, to maintain a depth of 2 to 3 inches. Rake and fluff up the old mulch before adding a new mulch to prevent compaction.
3. Perforated seagrass trees age 2-3 years in winter to promote the desired shape and growth habits. Use sharp loppers to cut unwanted branches over the neck, lifting branches where the branches grow from the trunk of the tree. Remove the leader or several trunks at the base of the tree to encourage them to grow into colored trees with one trunk. Remove weak or dead branches that are growing across other branches at strange corners pinch or cut out 1-2 inches from the tips of the branches to promote the growth of fuller branches. Perforated seagrass in late spring or early summer to control size and encourage it to grow in shrub form or as a hedge.
4. See yellow or red leaves, which indicate the presence of sea bores (hexseris enhydris), cut out branches with discolored leaves and place them in the trash to leave the property.
5. Check aphids, which are indicated by barking, redness, the growth of new leaves, clear, sticky substances called honeydew on the leaves and small, mild flaky, pear-shaped insects. Aphids and honey pipes removed with a strong spray from the garden hose. Pipe down the tree, all pay special attention to the bottom of the leaves in the morning, whenever symptoms appear. Remove the damaged leaves and branches if desired.
6. Some tree roofs increase air flow if gray or white lichen grows on the branches. Remove the branches with centipede, do not worry if small, around the red dots appear on the leaves. This is a physiological problem caused by cold winter temperatures.